With increased awareness of faults in the American criminal justice system, from systemic bias to overcrowded prisons, has come a new surge in calls for police, prosecutorial, and penal reform. Some activists demand a new approach to crime and punishment in the United States. With issues of incarceration, recidivism, and reintegration there are well-documented disparities along race, class, and gender classifications. Reforms do seem to be necessary. What might a new and improved criminal justice system look like, and who must be involved in its design? How can citizens, agencies, governments, and institutions break through damaging stereotypes before, during, and after the criminal justice process to ensure that American “justice” is both effective and truly just? What options for formerly incarcerated people are in the best interest of our society as a whole?